Friday 17 August 2018  4:33 AM  -  AM 55°F  - PM 59°F    5-Day Forecast   







Hello Egy
Downfall of Egypt's Brotherhood game-changer in Middle East



By Samia Nakhoul :


 "Where Egypt goes, the region follows" is an adage often quoted by academics teaching the arcane politics of the Middle East.

Wednesday's military takeover in Cairo, toppling Islamists who had so recently swept to power in one of many Arab upheavals, looks set to have a profound impact beyond Egypt's borders.

The fall of President Mohamed Mursi and his Muslim Brotherhood, brought down by an army spurred into action by mass protests, marks a strategic reverse for political Islam in the Middle East.

Egypt is not only the most populous Arab country and a bellwether for the region. It is the birthplace of this pan-Islamist movement and a guiding light for the 2011 Arab Spring upheavals that toppled dictatorships and propelled Islamists into power.

A setback for the Brotherhood in their heartland raises questions about their ability to govern, from Tunisia to Syria. And the Brothers have been dealt a crippling blow.

Egyptians came out in even greater numbers to oppose Mursi - only a year after they elected him - than to depose Hosni Mubarak, the former air force commander brought down by the Tahrir Square revolt of 2011.

That will be a stain on the reputation of the Brothers, the standard-bearers of mainstream Sunni political Islam since they were founded in Egypt in 1928.


Outlawed for more than eight decades, the secretive Brotherhood emerged after the fall of Mubarak as Egypt's best organised party - in fact the only properly organised body apart from the armed forces.


Sixty years of military-dominated rule, beginning with Gamal Abdel Nasser, whose pan-Arab rhetoric thundered across the region and helped shape the post-colonial Arab world, left no space for conventional democratic politics.

The Brothers were able to exploit that gap.


TOTAL COLLAPSE?

The force behind the Arab revolutions of 2011 were mainly middle-class, disaffected young people. But it was Islamist groups, such as the Brotherhood, that were best positioned to gain from the transition.

Egypt's Brothers won a string of elections including the presidency, making Mursi the country's first democratically elected president. But, like related organisations such as the ruling Ennahda party in Tunisia, they seemed unable to shake off the secretive habits of their past.


Critics say they sought to occupy all the institutions of government and turn them into fortresses for the Brotherhood rather than servants of the nation.

Public repudiation of this approach, followed by the army's ejection of Mursi, makes their collapse look total, and a warning to Islamists across the region.

"It is a disaster. It is a hard blow to the entire Islamist movement," said Fawaz Gerges, Professor of Middle Eastern Politics at the London School of Economics.

"The dismal performance by Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood undermines the Islamist image, standing and narrative throughout the region, in Egypt, in Jordan and even in Turkey. It raises questions about their competence, their ability to manage."

While everyone acknowledges that post-Mubarak Egypt faced intractable problems - from economic collapse as the government's crony capitalists fled, to a security vacuum as police forces pulled back - almost no one imagined that a movement as well-oiled as the Brotherhood would turn out to be so incompetent in governing.

"Everything in Egypt is worse as a result of Mursi's policies," said Gerges. "His authoritarian ways, his economic mismanagement ... clearly they don't have ideas. It is basically an emperor with no clothes. The Islamist movement is naked. This will have major implications for movements in the region."


TUNISIA NEXT?

It was not just the vast crowds in Tahrir Square, the cradle of the revolution, that exploded in joy as the army commander Abdel Fattah al-Sisi told the nation on Wednesday that Mursi was no longer their president.

Crowds in Tunis, where the Arab Spring kicked off with the toppling of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, converged on the Egyptian embassy to celebrate Mursi's removal, chanting "Today Egypt, Tunisia tomorrow. Down with the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood , down with the rule of Ennahda. It's a revolution until victory."

On Facebook, thousands of Tunisians rejoiced. The message to Ennahda leader Rachid Ghannouchi: "Mursi is gone and you Ghannouchi when?"

Analyst Sofian Bin Farhat said: "This is the fall of political Islam in Arab Spring countries after a catastrophic failure."

The writing was on the wall for Mursi, now being held at Egypt's defence ministry, when millions took to the streets on Sunday, the anniversary of his election, to demand he resign and accusing his Brotherhood of hijacking the revolution.

That gave army chief al-Sisi justification to invoke the "will of the people" and demand Mursi share power or step aside.

What was unveiled by the general was a plan to wipe clean a slate of messy reforms enacted since Mubarak fell. The constitution was suspended and the constitutional court chief justice, Adli Mansour, was sworn in to replace Mursi. An interim cabinet will be formed and the constitution will be reviewed. Presidential and parliamentary polls will be arranged.


NOT FOR MUSLIMS

Many in the opposition hope they will have more electoral success than last year. The Brotherhood's ability to mount a democratic comeback may be limited by the arrests of its leaders. They face accusations of inciting violence.

Mursi too may face charges. His opponents accused him this week of fomenting "civil war" by defying Sisi's ultimatum.

Events could influence the way Islamists view democracy, for some already a dubious Western import designed to keep them out of power. As Essam Haddad, a Mursi aide, wrote as the army coup unfolded, this "message will resonate throughout the Muslim world loud and clear: democracy is not for Muslims."

Jane Kinninmont, a Gulf expert at Britain's Chatham House, said the Brotherhood had over reached themselves in power and failed to listen to opponents.

"But the process of the military coup is deeply worrying... Being forcibly overthrown is not going to make them give up on wanting power, but raises major questions about future strategy, and if they come to think peaceful elections are not a credible option, that could be very dangerous," she said.

Analysts agree that the putsch against freely elected Mursi will have wider implications and poses a dilemma for Western governments supporting democracy.

"It is a full-fledged coup d'etat. It undermines the very foundations of the democratic process. It is a move fraught with risk and uncertainty. It shows that the opposition was not able to force Mursi out without the military. It deepens the divide in Egyptian society," said Fawaz Gerges.

Under a worst case scenario, the Brotherhood might decide to fight back. This could lead to a bloody confrontation with the army similar to Algeria's civil war in the 1990s when the military stepped in to deny the Islamists election victory.

The well-organised Brotherhood could mobilise once more and secure another victory at the next presidential elections, which would leave the military and the country in limbo once more.

Kinninmont said the Brotherhood's supporters would not turn against the organisation on the basis of one year in office.

Reuters

By: manager Date Added: 2013-07-05 Comment: 0 Views :1934

  Related Links
Coffers draining, Egypt accelerates search for billions in loans, knocking on world’s doors
HelloEgy; Egyptian Brain, English Tongue
Is the Muslim Brotherhood seeking to kill Egypt's NGOs?
Protester killed in Egyptian clashes
Egypt struggle seen costing Mursi, even if he wins

Name :
Email :
Comment :


Egypt to issue certificates to finance Suez Canal on Monday
Egypt to issue certificates to finance Suez Canal on Monday
The “Beard Girl” wins The Eurovision
The “Beard Girl” wins The Eurovision
Egypt: Detained Al Jazeera journalists and others face criminal trial
 Egypt: Detained Al Jazeera journalists and others face criminal trial
Yemeni Nobel Peace Prize winner barred from entering Egypt
  Yemeni Nobel Peace Prize winner barred from entering Egypt
Egypt condemns Iranian "interference" after army ousts Mursi
 Egypt condemns Iranian  interference  after army ousts Mursi
Egypt orders arrest of Brotherhood leaders
Egypt orders arrest of Brotherhood leaders
How to oust a president, Egyptian-style: Part Two
 How to oust a president, Egyptian-style: Part Two
Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
 Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
Egypt parliament ruled illegal, but to stay on
Egypt parliament ruled illegal, but to stay on
Ethiopia diverts Nile for huge $4.7 bln hydro dam
 Ethiopia diverts Nile for huge $4.7 bln hydro dam
Militants release seven Egyptians kidnapped in Sinai
Militants release seven Egyptians kidnapped in Sinai
Egypt's army blocks roads in Sinai in hunt for kidnappers
 Egypt's army blocks roads in Sinai in hunt for kidnappers
Protesting Egyptian police block Israel border crossing
 Protesting Egyptian police block Israel border crossing
Gunmen storm Egyptian security post in lawless Sinai Peninsula
Gunmen storm Egyptian security post in lawless Sinai Peninsula
Gunmen kill alcohol seller in Egypt's Sinai
 Gunmen kill alcohol seller in Egypt's Sinai
Egypt condemns Israeli attack on Syria
 Egypt condemns Israeli attack on Syria

  Most Read
Story harem Al- Sultan from top to prevention
Story harem Al- Sultan from top to prevention
An interview with Mohamed ElBaradei, who hopes for reconciliation in Egypt
An interview with Mohamed ElBaradei, who hopes for reconciliation in Egypt
Gaddafi… Secret Room to Check Girls before Raping
Gaddafi… Secret Room to Check Girls before Raping
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL thei
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL their tiger cubs in experiment by South Africa vet
Egypt tourist arrivals rise, not back to pre-revolt levels
 Egypt tourist arrivals rise, not back to pre-revolt levels
Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
 Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
Millions flood Egypt's streets to demand Mursi quit
Millions flood Egypt's streets to demand Mursi quit
Immigration bill backers thwart conservative amendments
Immigration bill backers thwart conservative amendments
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Egypt militants planned to hit US and French embassies -MENA
 Egypt militants planned to hit US and French embassies -MENA
How to get the best deals on Cyber Monday
How to get the best deals on Cyber Monday
Turkey rules out early polls, thousands defy call to end protest
 Turkey rules out early polls, thousands defy call to end protest
Angelina Jolie stunt double sues News Corp over hacking
Angelina Jolie stunt double sues News Corp over hacking
Samantha Cameron Wears A Red Wig And Bakes Cakes For Comic Relief
Samantha Cameron Wears A Red Wig And Bakes Cakes For Comic Relief
'No Nile, no Egypt', Cairo warns over Ethiopia dam
 'No Nile, no Egypt', Cairo warns over Ethiopia dam
Google's long-awaited 'smart' glasses will go on sale THIS year for $1,500
Google's long-awaited 'smart' glasses will go on sale THIS year for $1,500

American, Italian hostages inadvertently killed in U.S. operation- Obama
 American, Italian hostages inadvertently killed in U.S. operation- Obama
Egyptian government faces blame in mob sectarian killing
 Egyptian government faces blame in mob sectarian killing
Egypt suspends tourist flights with Iran until June amid outcry by Sunni M
Egypt suspends tourist flights with Iran until June amid outcry by  Sunni Muslims
First commercial flight between Egypt and Iran for 34 years
First commercial flight between Egypt and Iran for 34 years
Shiv Sena knives: At the sharp end of Indian politics
Shiv Sena knives: At the sharp end of Indian politics
Cradle of Arab Spring goes up in flames as protesters fire-bomb Egyptian pr
Cradle of Arab Spring goes up in flames as protesters fire-bomb Egyptian presidential palace and youths torch cars at funeral of Tunisian leader
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Egypt Army said to defy Morsi on use of live fire
Egypt Army said to defy Morsi on use of live fire
Third time lucky: Kate Winslet marries Ned Rocknroll in secret ceremony in
Third time lucky: Kate Winslet marries Ned Rocknroll in secret ceremony in New York and Leonardo DiCaprio gives her away
Fears of further violence in Egypt after opposition claims widespread fraud
Fears of further violence in Egypt after opposition claims widespread fraud in referendum that approved Islamist-backed constitution
'My daughters think Gangnam Style is cheesy': How the President does infamo
'My daughters think Gangnam Style is cheesy': How the President does infamous dance around the White House JUST to embarrass daughters Malia and Sasha
The future's bright for Victoria Beckham as she switches things up in a sty
The future's bright for Victoria Beckham as she switches things up in a stylish orange skirt suit for fashion talk
Cracks show in Republican unity on tax rates
Cracks show in Republican unity on tax rates
How exercise can help you get pregnant - and is especially important for I
 How exercise can help you get pregnant - and is especially important for IVF

A message of peace and compassion at Prophet Mohammad’s birth
 A message of peace and compassion at Prophet Mohammad’s birth
Egypt The Arabism ... Iraq The Ajam
 Egypt The Arabism ... Iraq The Ajam
Egypt charts a path toward growth and fiscal discipline
Egypt charts a path toward growth and fiscal discipline
The Autumn of the Islamist Preacher
The Autumn of the Islamist Preacher
Morsi trial: If a court can exemplify the divisions of a nation, this
Morsi trial: If a court can exemplify the divisions of a nation, this one did for Egypt
A Plea for Caution From Russia
A Plea for Caution From Russia
Egypt’s Three Revolutions
Egypt’s Three Revolutions
Egypt's repeat search for democracy
Egypt's repeat search for democracy
Turkey can't afford to spurn democracy
Turkey can't afford to spurn democracy
Empowered women make nations strong
Empowered women make nations strong
What Angelina Jolie forgot to mention
What Angelina Jolie forgot to mention
My Take: Don't lump evildoers with Muslims
My Take: Don't lump evildoers with Muslims
Negotiating change in the Islamic religious establishment
Negotiating change in the Islamic religious establishment
How We’ve Wasted Our Timeout
How We’ve Wasted Our Timeout


Egypt Exposes BBC “British Prostitution Corporation”
Egypt Exposes BBC “British Prostitution Corporation”
Medical Operational Status to Save the Fattest Kid in the World
Medical Operational Status to Save the Fattest Kid in the World
The prison sentence for the man who holed condom to force his girlfrie
The prison sentence for the man who holed condom to force his girlfriend to be pregnant
Sex .. Robbery .. Drugs .. The Most Famous Stars’ Lies
Sex .. Robbery .. Drugs .. The Most Famous Stars’ Lies
Signed Muhammad Ali rarities to hit U.S. auction block
 Signed Muhammad Ali rarities to hit U.S. auction block
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL their tiger cubs in experiment by South Africa vet
Daredevil Saudi Arabian craze of 'sidewalk skiing' brings new meaning
Daredevil Saudi Arabian craze of 'sidewalk skiing' brings new meaning to the term 'off-road' as drivers flip car onto just two wheels as passengers cling on outside
The real-life 'Popeye' who has the world's biggest biceps... but is al
The real-life 'Popeye' who has the world's biggest biceps... but is allergic to spinach
Egypt's prosecutor general orders arrest of well-known satirist
Egypt's prosecutor general orders arrest of well-known satirist
The tunnel of love: Egyptian bride smuggled into Gaza via undergound p
The tunnel of love: Egyptian bride smuggled into Gaza via undergound passageway to marry her Palestinian groom
Child bridegroom: Eight-year-old boy marries 61-year-old woman after '
Child bridegroom: Eight-year-old boy marries 61-year-old woman after 'dead ancestors told him to tie the knot'
Case of N.Y. cop accused of cannibalism plot goes to jury
Case of N.Y. cop accused of cannibalism plot goes to jury
China imprisons four men for 'ghost marriage' corpse bride trafficking
China imprisons four men for 'ghost marriage' corpse bride trafficking
A loud crash, then nothing: Sinkhole swallows Florida man
A loud crash, then nothing: Sinkhole swallows Florida man

Syrian refugees top 3 million, half of all Syrians displaced - UN
Syrian refugees top 3 million, half of all Syrians displaced - UN
Chemical weapons watchdog wins Nobel Peace Prize for Syrian mission
Chemical weapons watchdog wins Nobel Peace Prize for Syrian mission
Events in Egypt may influence, won't define Syria war
Events in Egypt may influence, won't define Syria war
Syria says rebels would take years to match army's strength
Syria says rebels would take years to match army's strength
Syria's Islamists seize control as moderates dither
Syria's Islamists seize control as moderates dither
Syrian rebels launch attack to block northern highway
 Syrian rebels launch attack to block northern highway
Syrian jets strike, rebels await U.S. weapons
 Syrian jets strike, rebels await U.S. weapons
If U.S. does not arm Syria's rebels, Arabs, Europeans may
 If U.S. does not arm Syria's rebels, Arabs, Europeans may
France says Syrian war at "turning point", mulls arming rebels
 France says Syrian war at  turning point , mulls arming rebels
Syrian forces capture final rebel stronghold in Qusair region
Syrian forces capture final rebel stronghold in Qusair region
Syrian army captures strategic border town of Qusair
 Syrian army captures strategic border town of Qusair
No safe way out as Syrian forces grind down besieged Qusair
 No safe way out as Syrian forces grind down besieged Qusair
Red Cross still pushing for access to besieged Qusair in Syria
 Red Cross still pushing for access to besieged Qusair in Syria
Russian fighter jets headed to Syria, which asks for more
 Russian fighter jets headed to Syria, which asks for more

Meet the Man Who Sold a Month-Old App to Dropbox for $100M
Thought Experiment: Build a Supercomputer Replica of the Human Brain
The Rise of the Term \'Glasshole,\' Explained by Linguists
Forks Up! What It\'s Like To Dine At Disneyland\'s Super-Exclusive Restaurant
CityScan: the dystopian technology that could make breaking the law impossible
Real-life Houses That Look Like They Belong in the Shire
Heeeelp! Nigerian model has her own Naomi Campbell moment as she goes flying on catwalk
Victims in Boston Face a Difficult Path to Recovery
In Search of Terroir, His Ear to the Ground
Living With Cancer: Living Without Hair
One photographer\'s journey inside Iran
The Most Dangerous Countries for Tourists, in Maps
How the Chess Set Got Its Look and Feel
Why silly speculation about the 2016 presidential race can do some real good.
The Nocebo Effect: How We Worry Ourselves Sick
The 25 Best-Paying Companies For Software Engineers
The Secret World of \'Garbagemen\'
So Today I Learned that France built a Replica of Paris in WWI

  Find us on Facebook

  Find us on twitter

Scroll through for the most amazing stories from around the globe
Nancy Comes Back to Zero
“The Watermelon Queen”
Terrifying adventure of
bing the tallest buildin
Our little pony! Miniatu
orse Mr P lives in house
Police visited Kidnapper
house in 2004
NRA seeks to highlight
armed women
Chechnya country fear
Britney Spears jets out
New Orleans in Daisy
inmate stashes phone in
tum
Commuters leave their t
ers at home
Doctors treating patient
at addiction
More men fatter lose hal
ight
The tallest girl : my Bo
end like my son
top site