Friday 17 August 2018  4:35 AM  -  AM 55°F  - PM 59°F    5-Day Forecast   







Hello Egy
Egypt's lesson for political Islam: politics comes first



By Tom Heneghan :


  When the Muslim Brotherhood won power it seemed Egypt's nascent democracy would allow the movement to realise its dream of making Islam the guiding principle in politics.

The Arab Spring revolts had opened the door to full Islamist participation in politics after decades of oppression or exile.

A year later, Egypt's first Islamist president, Mohamed Mursi, has been forced out, illustrating the Islamists' dilemma as they champion faith while newly empowered citizens look more for effective pluralist governance.

"Islamism has always been more of a sentiment than a coherent political ideology," said Husain Haqqani, a former Pakistani ambassador to the United States. "Islamism is by definition not inclusive, but they need to be inclusive now."

The main political divide elected Islamists face is often not over religion, French Islam expert Olivier Roy said.

"Look at all the veiled women who were protesting against Mursi. They're not against sharia. They're against incompetence and nepotism," he said.


BORN IN EGYPT

Political Islam arose in Egypt in 1928 when Hassan al-Banna founded the Muslim Brotherhood, a revival movement to establish an Islamic state. "Islam is the solution" was its motto.

Banned for decades and opposed by Islamic authorities, it organised networks around the country, especially to provide social welfare services that won it grass-roots respect.

When the 2011 Tahrir Square revolt toppled former President Hosni Mubarak, the Brotherhood emerged as the country's only organised force besides the army.

But the Islamists were not equipped to tackle the daunting economic problems or tame a hostile bureaucracy. While public anger mounted over these issues, Mursi assumed special powers to help impose an Islamist-tinged constitution.

John Esposito, professor of religion and international affairs at Georgetown University in Washington, said the Brotherhood's reaction to criticism betrayed the defensive reflexes of its underground past.


"Good governance requires taking risks and reaching out to people you can't control, but they couldn't do that," he said.

In late June, Mursi protested he had reached out to his critics but they would not work with him. "I took responsibility for a country mired in corruption and was faced with a war to make me fail," he said.



RIPPLES IN TUNISIA

In Tunisia, the birthplace of the Arab Spring, the Islamist-led government is also under pressure as politicians battle over a new constitution, hardline Salafis attack secularists and unemployment and inflation rise.

The governing party Ennahda, an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, also built its grass-roots network under the previous dictatorship, winning 42 percent in the 2011 election.

In contrast to Islamists often jailed during Egypt's dictatorship, party founder Rachid Ghannouchi spent 22 years in exile in Britain where he said he saw how religions could operate in a pluralist political system.

Ennahda formed a government with two secular parties and has not insisted on any mention of sharia in the constitution.

But its weak response to attacks by Salafi extremists on cinemas, concerts and Sufi shrines made critics suspect that it secretly sympathised with them. The party denied the charge.

The assassination of secular opposition leader Chokri Belaid in February sparked a crisis and the government collapsed.

Ennahda formed a second government with the same junior partners but a new prime minister and named independents to head the key ministries of interior, defence, justice and foreign affairs. It also cracked down hard on Salafi radicals.


This has not gone far enough for a small group of Tunisian activists that launched a petition like the one that led to Egypt's mass protests. It wants a new caretaker government that would curb the Islamists and fix the faltering economy.

"The possibility of an Egyptian scenario is unlikely in Tunisia," Ali Lareyedh, the new prime minister, responded. "Our approach is characterised by consensus and partnership."


THE TARNISHED TURKISH MODEL

In the first flush of the Arab Spring, many Arab Islamists looked to Turkey's AKP as a model that has respected faith and still won three national elections in a row.

But the AKP had more political savvy and a more developed economy to work with. It gave up the goal of an Islamic state over a decade ago and focussed on rapid economic growth.

The AKP has not renounced the official secularism imposed by Turkey's former military rulers. The Muslim Brotherhood rapped Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan for defending the secular state during an otherwise triumphant visit to Egypt in 2011.

Erdogan and his allies started in local politics, learning skills that would pay off at the polls. "Neither the Muslim Brotherhood nor Ennahda had this kind of experience," Roy said.

Still, the AKP has angered secularists by fostering a more visible Islam, helping build mosques and limiting alcohol sales.

Street protests broke out this year at Istanbul's Taksim Square and elsewhere over issues ranging from the environment to city planning and an Islamic-inspired morality campaign.

The protesters' main complaint was what they saw as Erdogan's growing authoritarianism after a decade in power with no effective opposition to rein him in. "That's not an Islamic issue," said Istanbul columnist Mustafa Akyol.

Stung but not subdued, Erdogan has dismissed the protesters as "riff-raff" and indulged in some Muslim populism to attack them at a rally in Kayseri in Anatolia's pious heartland.


"They think their vote is not equal to the votes of Ahmet or Mehmet or the shepherd in Kayseri. They have enjoyed their whiskies on the banks of the Bosphorus," he said.

FALL OF POLITICAL ISLAM?

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, fighting an insurgency including the local branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, has called Mursi's failure "the fall of what is called political Islam."

It is a setback but not likely the end of Islamists' decade-long efforts to link the power of religion to politics.

Roy said the Egyptian Brotherhood and Ennahda might both split into two groups, one keeping their groups' traditional approach and the other attracting more modern activists.

The coup could also push frustrated Islamists to violence. "The message will resonate throughout the Muslim World loud and clear: democracy is not for Muslims," Mursi's National Security Adviser Essam El-Haddad wrote in a farewell Facebook post.

"There will be a greater feeling that Islam is targeted and this could lead to future mergers between some factions within the Brotherhood and Salafi groups that see eye to eye," said Jordanian analyst Mohammad Abu Rumman in Amman.


Reuters

By: manager Date Added: 2013-07-09 Comment: 0 Views :1560

  Related Links
Egypt's military signals impatience with Islamist president and his Muslim Brotherhood group
Egypt, Saudis seek united front against militant Islam
Analysis: Rise of Islamists frays strategic UAE-Egyptian relations
Long known for its pyramids and ancient civilisation, Egypt is the largest Arab
Egypt balloon crash: survivor's life flashed before his eyes

Name :
Email :
Comment :


Egypt to issue certificates to finance Suez Canal on Monday
Egypt to issue certificates to finance Suez Canal on Monday
The “Beard Girl” wins The Eurovision
The “Beard Girl” wins The Eurovision
Egypt: Detained Al Jazeera journalists and others face criminal trial
 Egypt: Detained Al Jazeera journalists and others face criminal trial
Yemeni Nobel Peace Prize winner barred from entering Egypt
  Yemeni Nobel Peace Prize winner barred from entering Egypt
Egypt condemns Iranian "interference" after army ousts Mursi
 Egypt condemns Iranian  interference  after army ousts Mursi
Egypt orders arrest of Brotherhood leaders
Egypt orders arrest of Brotherhood leaders
How to oust a president, Egyptian-style: Part Two
 How to oust a president, Egyptian-style: Part Two
Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
 Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
Egypt parliament ruled illegal, but to stay on
Egypt parliament ruled illegal, but to stay on
Ethiopia diverts Nile for huge $4.7 bln hydro dam
 Ethiopia diverts Nile for huge $4.7 bln hydro dam
Militants release seven Egyptians kidnapped in Sinai
Militants release seven Egyptians kidnapped in Sinai
Egypt's army blocks roads in Sinai in hunt for kidnappers
 Egypt's army blocks roads in Sinai in hunt for kidnappers
Protesting Egyptian police block Israel border crossing
 Protesting Egyptian police block Israel border crossing
Gunmen storm Egyptian security post in lawless Sinai Peninsula
Gunmen storm Egyptian security post in lawless Sinai Peninsula
Gunmen kill alcohol seller in Egypt's Sinai
 Gunmen kill alcohol seller in Egypt's Sinai
Egypt condemns Israeli attack on Syria
 Egypt condemns Israeli attack on Syria

  Most Read
Story harem Al- Sultan from top to prevention
Story harem Al- Sultan from top to prevention
An interview with Mohamed ElBaradei, who hopes for reconciliation in Egypt
An interview with Mohamed ElBaradei, who hopes for reconciliation in Egypt
Gaddafi… Secret Room to Check Girls before Raping
Gaddafi… Secret Room to Check Girls before Raping
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL thei
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL their tiger cubs in experiment by South Africa vet
Egypt tourist arrivals rise, not back to pre-revolt levels
 Egypt tourist arrivals rise, not back to pre-revolt levels
Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
 Four Egyptian Shi'ites killed in attack by Sunni Muslims
Millions flood Egypt's streets to demand Mursi quit
Millions flood Egypt's streets to demand Mursi quit
Immigration bill backers thwart conservative amendments
Immigration bill backers thwart conservative amendments
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Egypt militants planned to hit US and French embassies -MENA
 Egypt militants planned to hit US and French embassies -MENA
How to get the best deals on Cyber Monday
How to get the best deals on Cyber Monday
Turkey rules out early polls, thousands defy call to end protest
 Turkey rules out early polls, thousands defy call to end protest
Angelina Jolie stunt double sues News Corp over hacking
Angelina Jolie stunt double sues News Corp over hacking
Samantha Cameron Wears A Red Wig And Bakes Cakes For Comic Relief
Samantha Cameron Wears A Red Wig And Bakes Cakes For Comic Relief
'No Nile, no Egypt', Cairo warns over Ethiopia dam
 'No Nile, no Egypt', Cairo warns over Ethiopia dam
Google's long-awaited 'smart' glasses will go on sale THIS year for $1,500
Google's long-awaited 'smart' glasses will go on sale THIS year for $1,500

American, Italian hostages inadvertently killed in U.S. operation- Obama
 American, Italian hostages inadvertently killed in U.S. operation- Obama
Egyptian government faces blame in mob sectarian killing
 Egyptian government faces blame in mob sectarian killing
Egypt suspends tourist flights with Iran until June amid outcry by Sunni M
Egypt suspends tourist flights with Iran until June amid outcry by  Sunni Muslims
First commercial flight between Egypt and Iran for 34 years
First commercial flight between Egypt and Iran for 34 years
Shiv Sena knives: At the sharp end of Indian politics
Shiv Sena knives: At the sharp end of Indian politics
Cradle of Arab Spring goes up in flames as protesters fire-bomb Egyptian pr
Cradle of Arab Spring goes up in flames as protesters fire-bomb Egyptian presidential palace and youths torch cars at funeral of Tunisian leader
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Malala: 'I'm feeling better' after skull surgery
Egypt Army said to defy Morsi on use of live fire
Egypt Army said to defy Morsi on use of live fire
Third time lucky: Kate Winslet marries Ned Rocknroll in secret ceremony in
Third time lucky: Kate Winslet marries Ned Rocknroll in secret ceremony in New York and Leonardo DiCaprio gives her away
Fears of further violence in Egypt after opposition claims widespread fraud
Fears of further violence in Egypt after opposition claims widespread fraud in referendum that approved Islamist-backed constitution
'My daughters think Gangnam Style is cheesy': How the President does infamo
'My daughters think Gangnam Style is cheesy': How the President does infamous dance around the White House JUST to embarrass daughters Malia and Sasha
The future's bright for Victoria Beckham as she switches things up in a sty
The future's bright for Victoria Beckham as she switches things up in a stylish orange skirt suit for fashion talk
Cracks show in Republican unity on tax rates
Cracks show in Republican unity on tax rates
How exercise can help you get pregnant - and is especially important for I
 How exercise can help you get pregnant - and is especially important for IVF

A message of peace and compassion at Prophet Mohammad’s birth
 A message of peace and compassion at Prophet Mohammad’s birth
Egypt The Arabism ... Iraq The Ajam
 Egypt The Arabism ... Iraq The Ajam
Egypt charts a path toward growth and fiscal discipline
Egypt charts a path toward growth and fiscal discipline
The Autumn of the Islamist Preacher
The Autumn of the Islamist Preacher
Morsi trial: If a court can exemplify the divisions of a nation, this
Morsi trial: If a court can exemplify the divisions of a nation, this one did for Egypt
A Plea for Caution From Russia
A Plea for Caution From Russia
Egypt’s Three Revolutions
Egypt’s Three Revolutions
Egypt's repeat search for democracy
Egypt's repeat search for democracy
Turkey can't afford to spurn democracy
Turkey can't afford to spurn democracy
Empowered women make nations strong
Empowered women make nations strong
What Angelina Jolie forgot to mention
What Angelina Jolie forgot to mention
My Take: Don't lump evildoers with Muslims
My Take: Don't lump evildoers with Muslims
Negotiating change in the Islamic religious establishment
Negotiating change in the Islamic religious establishment
How We’ve Wasted Our Timeout
How We’ve Wasted Our Timeout


Egypt Exposes BBC “British Prostitution Corporation”
Egypt Exposes BBC “British Prostitution Corporation”
Medical Operational Status to Save the Fattest Kid in the World
Medical Operational Status to Save the Fattest Kid in the World
The prison sentence for the man who holed condom to force his girlfrie
The prison sentence for the man who holed condom to force his girlfriend to be pregnant
Sex .. Robbery .. Drugs .. The Most Famous Stars’ Lies
Sex .. Robbery .. Drugs .. The Most Famous Stars’ Lies
Signed Muhammad Ali rarities to hit U.S. auction block
 Signed Muhammad Ali rarities to hit U.S. auction block
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL
Brave English bulldog Hugo adopts a Bengal tiger, a white lion and ALL their tiger cubs in experiment by South Africa vet
Daredevil Saudi Arabian craze of 'sidewalk skiing' brings new meaning
Daredevil Saudi Arabian craze of 'sidewalk skiing' brings new meaning to the term 'off-road' as drivers flip car onto just two wheels as passengers cling on outside
The real-life 'Popeye' who has the world's biggest biceps... but is al
The real-life 'Popeye' who has the world's biggest biceps... but is allergic to spinach
Egypt's prosecutor general orders arrest of well-known satirist
Egypt's prosecutor general orders arrest of well-known satirist
The tunnel of love: Egyptian bride smuggled into Gaza via undergound p
The tunnel of love: Egyptian bride smuggled into Gaza via undergound passageway to marry her Palestinian groom
Child bridegroom: Eight-year-old boy marries 61-year-old woman after '
Child bridegroom: Eight-year-old boy marries 61-year-old woman after 'dead ancestors told him to tie the knot'
Case of N.Y. cop accused of cannibalism plot goes to jury
Case of N.Y. cop accused of cannibalism plot goes to jury
China imprisons four men for 'ghost marriage' corpse bride trafficking
China imprisons four men for 'ghost marriage' corpse bride trafficking
A loud crash, then nothing: Sinkhole swallows Florida man
A loud crash, then nothing: Sinkhole swallows Florida man

Syrian refugees top 3 million, half of all Syrians displaced - UN
Syrian refugees top 3 million, half of all Syrians displaced - UN
Chemical weapons watchdog wins Nobel Peace Prize for Syrian mission
Chemical weapons watchdog wins Nobel Peace Prize for Syrian mission
Events in Egypt may influence, won't define Syria war
Events in Egypt may influence, won't define Syria war
Syria says rebels would take years to match army's strength
Syria says rebels would take years to match army's strength
Syria's Islamists seize control as moderates dither
Syria's Islamists seize control as moderates dither
Syrian rebels launch attack to block northern highway
 Syrian rebels launch attack to block northern highway
Syrian jets strike, rebels await U.S. weapons
 Syrian jets strike, rebels await U.S. weapons
If U.S. does not arm Syria's rebels, Arabs, Europeans may
 If U.S. does not arm Syria's rebels, Arabs, Europeans may
France says Syrian war at "turning point", mulls arming rebels
 France says Syrian war at  turning point , mulls arming rebels
Syrian forces capture final rebel stronghold in Qusair region
Syrian forces capture final rebel stronghold in Qusair region
Syrian army captures strategic border town of Qusair
 Syrian army captures strategic border town of Qusair
No safe way out as Syrian forces grind down besieged Qusair
 No safe way out as Syrian forces grind down besieged Qusair
Red Cross still pushing for access to besieged Qusair in Syria
 Red Cross still pushing for access to besieged Qusair in Syria
Russian fighter jets headed to Syria, which asks for more
 Russian fighter jets headed to Syria, which asks for more

Meet the Man Who Sold a Month-Old App to Dropbox for $100M
Thought Experiment: Build a Supercomputer Replica of the Human Brain
The Rise of the Term \'Glasshole,\' Explained by Linguists
Forks Up! What It\'s Like To Dine At Disneyland\'s Super-Exclusive Restaurant
CityScan: the dystopian technology that could make breaking the law impossible
Real-life Houses That Look Like They Belong in the Shire
Heeeelp! Nigerian model has her own Naomi Campbell moment as she goes flying on catwalk
Victims in Boston Face a Difficult Path to Recovery
In Search of Terroir, His Ear to the Ground
Living With Cancer: Living Without Hair
One photographer\'s journey inside Iran
The Most Dangerous Countries for Tourists, in Maps
How the Chess Set Got Its Look and Feel
Why silly speculation about the 2016 presidential race can do some real good.
The Nocebo Effect: How We Worry Ourselves Sick
The 25 Best-Paying Companies For Software Engineers
The Secret World of \'Garbagemen\'
So Today I Learned that France built a Replica of Paris in WWI

  Find us on Facebook

  Find us on twitter

Scroll through for the most amazing stories from around the globe
Nancy Comes Back to Zero
“The Watermelon Queen”
Terrifying adventure of
bing the tallest buildin
Our little pony! Miniatu
orse Mr P lives in house
Police visited Kidnapper
house in 2004
NRA seeks to highlight
armed women
Chechnya country fear
Britney Spears jets out
New Orleans in Daisy
inmate stashes phone in
tum
Commuters leave their t
ers at home
Doctors treating patient
at addiction
More men fatter lose hal
ight
The tallest girl : my Bo
end like my son
top site